Fields of interest: Civil society, voluntary organisations, commercialisation.
1995 : Post-doc : Certificate of achievement as Senior Fellow in Policy Studies; The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.
1994 : P.H.D in Economics, Université de Paris I. Panthéon Sorbonne, Paris, France.
1984 : Diploma,Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Paris, France.
1982 : Higher Diploma in Economics (D.E.A),Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris, France.
1981 :MA in Economics and Social Administration, Université de Montpellier, France.
August 1998 to date : Senior Researcher, ISF, Institute for Social Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
September 2001 to date : Part-time Associate professor at the Norwegian University of Sport, Oslo, Norway.
February 1997 to July 1998 : Senior Researcher, FAFO, Institute for Applied Social Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
May 1996 to sept 1996 : Research Director at CREDOC (Research centre for the study and monitoring of living standards), Paris, head of the social policy assessment department.
June 1989 to May 1996: Political Adviser and Senior Researcher, responsible for Employment, Anti-poverty and Training Policy Issues, UNIOPSS (Union Nationale Interfédérale des Organismes Privés Sanitaires et Sociaux), Paris.
1986 - 1989 : Associate Lecturer in Economics, Université de Montpellier III, France.
1984 - 1986 : Professor of Economics, E.N.A, Niamey, Niger.
Member of the EU Commission- Sixth Framework Programme Network of Excellence Civil society and new forms of governance in Europe – The making of European citizenship (CINEFOGO).
Member of the International Scientific Council and of the International Scientific Commision on cooperative and social economy of the CIRIEC international.
Member of EMES European Research network.
Associate member of MATISSE-CNRS, Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne.
Associate member of Chaire d'Economie Sociale, Université de Québec à Montreal.