London was governed by the London County Council (LCC) for three
quarters of a century-from 1888 to 1963. In 1963 the London Government
Act passed under a Conservative government set up the Greater
London Council (GLC) which was to come into force in 1965. It took in a
greater part of Middlesex and further areas of metropolitan Essex, Kent,
Surrey and Hertfordshire-so that it counted some eight million inhabitants.
The "city-region" was a new concept aimed at coordinating
more efficiently urban development and strategic services such as largescale
planning, public transport and emergency services, refuse disposal
and support for the Arts. The Metropolitan Police remained however
under Home Office control.
The London boroughs constituted second-tier authorities and were
given responsibilities formerly in th