• Couverture REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ITALY OVER THE LONG RUN: THE ROLE OF HUMAN CAPITAL AND TRADE POLICY
  • 4eme REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ITALY OVER THE LONG RUN: THE ROLE OF HUMAN CAPITAL AND TRADE POLICY

REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ITALY OVER THE LONG RUN: THE ROLE OF HUMAN CAPITAL AND TRADE POLICY

revue d'origine de cet article : Région et Développement 33

Date de publication : mai 2011
Version numérique* :
3 €
* Nos versions numériques sont compatibles avec l'ensemble des liseuses et lecteurs du marché.

Abstract: The well known Italian dualism in terms of development disparities
between the North and the South has been one of the most debated issues in
economics over the last few decades. In the aftermath of the Unification of Italy,
the gap between North and South in terms of human capital stock was more
relevant than the dualism in terms of GDP per capita. In 1871 the percentage of
population able to read and write was 57.7% in the North-West and only 15.9%
in the South, while there is no evidence of income disparities. Interestingly, in
1951 income per capita in Southern regions was only about 50% of that of the
North. Bearing this evidence in mind, and using a novel panel dataset, we investigate
the pattern of regional development focusing on the role of initial human
capital conditions as a major driver of growth over the period 1891–1951.
We provide further empirical evidence on the impact of protectionist trade policies
in the late 19th

     
  • ISBN : 978-2-296-55184-8 • mai 2011 • 26 pages
  • Télécharger les fichiers de couverture : rectoversoaplat