• Couverture URBAN STRUCTURE: ITS ROLE IN URBAN GROWTH, NET NEWBUSINESS FORMATION AND INDUSTRIAL CHU
  • 4eme URBAN STRUCTURE: ITS ROLE IN URBAN GROWTH, NET NEWBUSINESS FORMATION AND INDUSTRIAL CHU

URBAN STRUCTURE: ITS ROLE IN URBAN GROWTH, NET NEWBUSINESS FORMATION AND INDUSTRIAL CHU

revue d'origine de cet article : Région et Développement 33

Date de publication : mai 2011
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Abstract - Cities are the “engines of growth” because entrepreneurial and creative
activities are concentrated in cities. This suggests that cities grow by hosting
new businesses and “churning” industries advantageously. In so doing,
cities need to adapt their spatial structure to mitigate negative externalities.
Our previous paper (Lee and Gordon 2007) found that the links between urban
structure and growth vary across metro size: more clustering in small metros
and more dispersion in large metros were associated with faster employment
growth. In this paper, we extend our research to investigate to what extent urban
spatial structure variables – dispersion and polycentricity – influence net
new business formation (NNBF) and industrial “churning” in a cross-section of
79 U.S. metropolitan areas in the 2000s. The results of least squares regression
and locally weighted regression analyses are mixed. OLS results for recent
years fail to replicate our results for the 1990s. But applying a more powerful
LOESS approach does give results for spatial impacts on NNBF and industrial
churning that are consistent with the links between spatial structure and urban
growth found in the earlier paper.

     
  • ISBN : 978-2-296-55184-8 • mai 2011 • 24 pages
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