• Couverture MULTISCALAR CLUSTERS AND NETWORKS AS THE FOUNDATIONS OF INNOVATION DYNAMICS IN THE BIOPHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY
  • 4eme MULTISCALAR CLUSTERS AND NETWORKS AS THE FOUNDATIONS OF INNOVATION DYNAMICS IN THE BIOPHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

MULTISCALAR CLUSTERS AND NETWORKS AS THE FOUNDATIONS OF INNOVATION DYNAMICS IN THE BIOPHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

revue d'origine de cet article : Région et Développement 33

Date de publication : mai 2011
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Abstract – Based on the case of the biopharmaceutical industry, the aim of this
paper is to challenge the core conviction now widespread within the “spatial
clustering theory”, which devotes a key (if not exclusive) role to geographical
proximity in explaining clustering dynamics of innovation activities within specific
territories. Our argument is threefold. First, mere geographical proximity
is not enough; in many cases, cognitive, organizational and strategic forms of
proximity are often at least as crucial as the topological closeness among innovation
actors. Second, our idea is that clusters are fundamentally the territorialized
outcome of combinations of inter-organizational and social networks
among actors pursuing common goals, each of these actors having a specific
territorial and social embedding that allows him or her (or not) to operate and
interact at different spatial scales. These networks are socially and territorially
embedded, but they

     
  • ISBN : 978-2-296-55184-8 • mai 2011 • 42 pages
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